A violation of ethics on all counts
While assessing the questions brought up by the case, I will use the moral principles theory and its adaptation by the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) for its ethical guidelines. I will briefly refer to the principles of informed consent and voluntary action, professional competence, risk minimisation, and maximisation of public interest. Though the guidelines are principally for medical research, the principles they are based upon — autonomy or respect for persons, beneficence and non-maleficence, and justice — are widely accepted as fundamental to the practice of modern medicine. I will also briefly refer to the Code of Ethics of the Medical Council of India, which subscribes to these principles through its regard for the respect for patients, welfare of patients, the professional competence of physicians to ensure that patients are not harmed, and the welfare of society.
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