Announcements 8th National Bioethics Conference Of Forum for Medical Ethics Society THEME Crisis within a crisis: Scientific, ethical & humanitarian challenges of COVID-19   |   Request Maharashtra Government to file review petition in Supreme Court : matter regarding Dr Payal Tadv [with 600+ endorsements]’.   |   A Joint Statement on Technical, legal, ethical and implementation concerns regarding Aarogya Setu and other apps introduced during COVID-19 in India by Jan Swasthya Abhiyan (JSA), Internet Freedom Foundation (IFF), Forum for Medical Ethics Society (FMES), and All India People’s Science Network (AIPSN)
 
Dublin Core PKP Metadata Items Metadata for this Document
 
1. Title Title of document The moral dilemma of the polio eradication programme
 
2. Creator Author's name, affiliation, country
 
3. Subject Discipline(s)
 
3. Subject Keyword(s)
 
4. Description Abstract During the last five years, globally, cases of polio caused by vaccine viruses have outnumbered those of polio caused by natural (wild) polioviruses, posing a moral dilemma. Public health ethics should ensure the best interests of the community, with equity in sharing benefits and risks irrespective of socioeconomic disparities. Vaccine viruses in oral polio vaccine (OPV) cause vaccine-associated paralytic polio (VAPP), while paralytic polio is also caused by vaccine-derived polioviruses (VDPVs). By its policy of the use of OPV in low and middle-income countries, while rich countries use the safe inactivated polio vaccine (IPV), the Global Polio Eradication Programme has been responsible for social injustice. In 2017 and 2018, there were outbreaks of polio in Syria and Papua New Guinea due to circulating VDPVs, after many years of these countries remaining free of polio due to wild polioviruses. The only ethical way forward for global polio eradication is to replace OPV with IPV in all countries.
 
5. Publisher Organizing agency, location Forum for Medical Ethics Society
 
6. Contributor Sponsor(s)
 
7. Date (YYYY-MM-DD) 2019-10-15
 
8. Type Status & genre
 
8. Type Type
 
9. Format File format HTML , PDF
 
10. Identifier Uniform Resource Identifier https://ijme.in/articles/the-moral-dilemma-of-the-polio-eradication-programme/
 
11. Source Title; vol., no. (year) Indian Journal of Medical Ethics;: Stretching the limits?
 
12. Language English=en en
 
13. Relation Supp. Files
 
14. Coverage Geo-spatial location, chronological period, research sample (gender, age, etc.)
 
15. Rights Copyright and permissions

All articles published in IJME are available on its website free of charge. The copyright for published material belongs to IJME/FMES. IJME freely permits the reprint (or reproduction on a website) of articles from the journal, as long as this is for non-commercial use and appropriate credit is given to the author and the journal and publication details are mentioned. The commercial use of our content can be made only after obtaining permission from and on payment to IJME. This is intended to support production of the journal.